Monochloroacetic Acid (MCA)

MONOCHLOROACETIC ACID (MCA) (ClCH2CO2H) is a colorless or white crystalline solid, highly hygroscopic, sharp odor, inflammable, soluble in water and common organic solvent.

MCA is organochlorine compound is a useful building-block in organic synthesis.

SYNONYMS: Chloroacetic acid, Chloroethanoic acid, Monochloroethanoic acid, MCAA, MCA.

IUPAC NAME:  Chloroacetic acid

SYSTEMATIC IUPAC NAME:  Chloroethanoic acid


EC NUMBER: 201-178-4





Colorless or White crystals


Soluble in water & common organic solvents such as Methanol, Acetone, Diethyl Ether, Benzene, Chloroform, Ethanol

Molecular Weight


Melting Point

63 °C

Boiling Point

189 °C

Specific Gravity


Setting Point

61 °C to 62.5 °C

Highly Hygroscopic, Sharp Odor (Pungent), Inflammable, Toxic & Corrosive


Chemical formula


Monochloroacetic Acid


Dichloroacetic Acid


Other Acid



Monochloroacetic Acid (MCA) is use in the production of a wide variety of useful compounds such as drugs, dyes, agrochemicals and thickening agents. Most reactions take advantage of the high reactivity of the C–Cl bond.

Applications are in Manufacturing of

1) Various Agrochemicals viz 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), 2,4,5-T (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid), MCPA (2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid), Glyphosate and Dimethoate are prepared by alkylation with MCAA.

2) Drugs such as Adrenaline (Epinephrine), Vitamins, Synthetic Caffeine, Malonates, Glycine, Barbiturates etc.

3) Amphoteric Surfactants which used in shampoos, baby and children cleansing formulations, shower and bath gels, body and facial washes and shaving foam,  also in skin care products like cleansing milks or eye-make up removers.

4) Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic Acid), Thioglycolic Acid and Cyanoacetic Acid.

5) Textile Auxiliaries & Dyestuffs (Indigo).

6) Hydrocolloids such as Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose (CMC), Sodium Carboxy Methyl Starch (CMS), Sodium Carboxy Methyl Tamarind (CMT), Sodium Carboxy Methyl Guar Gum (CMG).


25Kg or 50 Kg HDPE Bags with double inner LDPE liner.


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